List Of Constellations

from the dawn of recorded history, people observed the sky and grouped stars into patterns or constellations[citation needed] . Each culture had its own constellations, usually based on mythology. Most of these are very hard to identify when you look at them without the lines, but some are very obvious.The ancient Greeks originated many constellations that are still in use today, many of which were recorded by Ptolemy. However they left many gaps in the sky where there was a lack of bright stars; also, they could not observe stars that were in the far southern hemisphere of the sky. European explorers mapped the stars of the southern skies, and various astronomers proposed new constellations to fill the gaps. Some new constellations caught on, while others did not.

In 1922, the International Astronomical Union (IAU) officially adopted the modern list of 88 official constellations. After this, Eugène Delporte drew up precise boundaries for each constellation, so that every point in the sky belonged to exactly one constellation.

Properly speaking, a constellation is an area of the sky or the celestial sphere. The term is more widely used to denote a particular star pattern that is contained within that area.

Contents

[hide]

[edit] Constellation Families

Family Total Constellations
Ursa Major 10 Ursa Major, Ursa Minor, Draco, Canes Venatici, Boötes, Coma Berenices, Corona Borealis, Camelopardalis, Lynx, Leo Minor,
Zodiac 12 Leo, Virgo, Libra, Scorpius, Sagittarius, Capricornus, Aquarius, Pisces, Aries, Taurus, Gemini, Cancer,
Perseus 09 Cassiopeia, Cepheus, Andromeda, Perseus, Pegasus, Cetus, Auriga, Lacerta, Triangulum,
Hercules 19 Hercules, Sagitta, Aquila, Lyra, Cygnus, Vulpecula, Hydra, Sextans, Crater, Corvus, Ophiuchus, Serpens, Scutum, Centaurus, Lupus, Corona Australis, Ara, Triangulum Australe, Crux,
Orion 05 Orion, Canis Major, Canis Minor, Monoceros, Lepus,
Heavenly Waters 09 Delphinus, Equuleus, Eridanus, Piscis Austrinus, Carina, Puppis, Vela, Pyxis, Columba,
Johann Bayer 11 Hydrus, Dorado, Volans, Apus, Pavo, Grus, Phoenix, Tucana, Indus, Chamaeleon, Musca,
LaCaille 13 Norma, Circinus, Telescopium, Microscopium, Sculptor, Fornax, Caelum, Horologium, Octans, Mensa, Reticulum, Pictor, Antlia,
link: http://www.seds.org/Maps/Const/const_family.html
Quad Total Constellations
NQ1 08 Pisces, Andromeda, Cassiopeia, Triangulum, Aries, Perseus, Taurus, Orion,
NQ2 10 Auriga, Monoceros, Gemini, Canis Minor, Lynx, Cancer, Camelopardalis, Leo Minor, Leo, Ursa Major,
NQ3 08 Coma Berenices, Canes Venatici, Boötes, Ursa Minor, Draco, Corona Borealis, Serpens, Hercules,
NQ4 10 Lyra, Sagitta, Aquila, Vulpecula, Cygnus, Delphinus, Equuleus, Cepheus, Lacerta, Pegasus,
SQ1 14 Sculptor, Phoenix, Cetus, Hydrus, Fornax, Horologium, Eridanus, Reticulum, Caelum, Dorado, Mensa, Lepus, Pictor, Columba,
SQ2 11 Canis Major, Puppis, Volans, Carina, Pyxis, Vela, Sextans, Antlia, Chamaeleon, Crater, Hydra,
SQ3 14 Corvus, Crux, Musca, Centaurus, Virgo, Circinus, Libra, Lupus, Norma, Triangulum Australe, Apus, Scorpius, Ara, Ophiuchus,
SQ4 13 Corona Australis, Scutum, Sagittarius, Telescopium, Pavo, Microscopium, Capricornus, Indus, Piscis Austrinus, Aquarius, Grus, Octans, Tucana,
link: http://calgary.rasc.ca/constellation.htm

[edit] Modern constellations

constellation abbreviations[2][3] genitive origin
Andromeda
/ænˈdrɒmɨdə/
And Andr Andromedae
/ænˈdrɒmɨdi/
ancient (Ptolemy)
Antlia
/ˈæntliːə/
Ant Antl Antliae
/ˈæntliːi/
1763, Lacaille
Apus
/ˈeɪpəs/
Aps Apus Apodis
/ˈæpədɨs/
1603, Uranometria, created by Keyser and de Houtman
Aquarius
/əˈkweəriəs/
Aqr Aqar Aquarii
/əˈkweəriaɪ/
ancient (Ptolemy)
Aquila
/ˈækwɨlə/
Aql Aqil Aquilae
/ˈækwɨli/
ancient (Ptolemy)
Ara
/ˈeərə/
Ara Arae Arae
/ˈeəri/
ancient (Ptolemy)
Aries
/ˈeəriz/
Ari Arie Arietis
/əˈraɪɨtɨs/
ancient (Ptolemy)
Auriga
/ɔːˈraɪgə/
Aur Auri Aurigae
/ɔːˈraɪdʒi/
ancient (Ptolemy)
Boötes
/boʊˈoʊtiz/
Boo Boot Boötis
/boʊˈoʊtɨs/
ancient (Ptolemy)
Caelum
/ˈsiːləm/
Cae Cael Caeli
/ˈsiːlaɪ/
1763, Lacaille
Camelopardalis
/kəˌmɛləˈpardəlɨs/
Cam Caml Camelopardalis
/ kəˌmɛləˈpardəlɨs/
1624, Bartsch[4]
Cancer
/ˈkænsɚ/
Cnc Canc Cancri
/ˈkæŋkraɪ/
ancient (Ptolemy)
Canes Venatici
/ˈkeɪnizvɨˈnætɨsaɪ/
CVn CVen Canum Venaticorum
/ˈkeɪnəmvɨˌnætɨˈkɒrəm/
1690, Firmamentum Sobiescianum, Hevelius
Canis Major
/ˈkeɪnɨsˈmeɪdʒɚ/
CMa CMaj Canis Majoris
/ˈkeɪnɨsməˈdʒɒrɨs/
ancient (Ptolemy)
Canis Minor
/ˈkeɪnɨsˈmaɪnɚ/
CMi CMin Canis Minoris
/ˈkeɪnɨsmɨˈnɒrɨs/
ancient (Ptolemy)
Capricornus
/ˌkæprɨˈkɔrnəs/
Cap Capr Capricorni
/ˌkæprɨˈkɔrnaɪ/
ancient (Ptolemy)
Carina
/kəˈraɪnə/
Car Cari Carinae
/kəˈraɪni/
1763, Lacaille, split from Argo Navis
Cassiopeia
/ˌkæsiəˈpiːə/
Cas Cass Cassiopeɪae
/ˌkæsiəˈpiːi/
ancient (Ptolemy)
Centaurus
/sɛnˈtɔːrəs/
Cen Cent Centauri
/sɛnˈtɔːraɪ/
ancient (Ptolemy)
Cepheus
/ˈsiːfiəs/
Cep Ceph Cepheɪ
/ˈsiːfiaɪ/
ancient (Ptolemy)
Cetus
/ˈsiːtəs/
Cet Ceti Ceti
/ˈsiːtaɪ/
ancient (Ptolemy)
Chamaeleon
/kəˈmiːliən/
Cha Cham Chamaeleontis
/kəˌmiːliˈɒntɨs/
1603, Uranometria, created by Keyser and de Houtman
Circinus
/ˈsɝsɨnəs/
Cir Circ Circini
/ˈsɝsɨnaɪ/
1763, Lacaille
Columba
/kɒˈlʌmbə/
Col Colm Columbae
/kɒˈlʌmbi/
1679, Royer, split from Canis Major
Coma Berenices
/ˈkoʊməˌbɛrəˈnaɪsiz/
Com Coma Comae Berenices
/ˈkoʊmiˌbɛrəˈnaɪsiz/
1603, Uranometria, split from Leo
Corona Australis[5]
/kɒˈroʊnəʔɔˈstreɪlɨs/
CrA CorA Coronae Australis
/kɒˈroʊniʔɔˈstreɪlɨs/
ancient (Ptolemy)
Corona Borealis
/kɒˈroʊnəˌbɔəriˈeɪlɨs/
CrB CorB Coronae Borealis
/kɒˈroʊniˌbɔəriˈeɪlɨs/
ancient (Ptolemy)
Corvus
/ˈkɔrvəs/
Crv Corv Corvi
/ˈkɔrvaɪ/
ancient (Ptolemy)
Crater
/ˈkreɪtɚ/
Crt Crat Crateris
/krəˈtiːrɨs/
ancient (Ptolemy)
Crux
/ˈkrʌks/
Cru Cruc Crucis
/ˈkruːsɨs/
1603, Uranometria, split from Centaurus
Cygnus
/ˈsɪgnəs/
Cyg Cygn Cygni
/ˈsɪgnaɪ/
ancient (Ptolemy)
Delphinus
/dɛlˈfaɪnəs/
Del Dlph Delphini
/dɛlˈfaɪnaɪ/
ancient (Ptolemy)
Dorado
/dɒˈreɪdoʊ/
Dor Dora Doradus
/dɒˈreɪdəs/
1603, Uranometria, created by Keyser and de Houtman
Draco
/ˈdreɪkoʊ/
Dra Drac Draconis
/drəˈkoʊnɨs/
ancient (Ptolemy)
Equuleus
/ɨˈkwuːliəs/
Equ Equl Equulei
/ɨˈkwuːliaɪ/
ancient (Ptolemy)
Eridanus
/ɨˈrɪdənəs/
Eri Erid Eridani
/ɨˈrɪdənaɪ/
ancient (Ptolemy)
Fornax
/ˈfɔrnæks/
For Forn Fornacis
/fɔrˈneɪsɨs/
1763, Lacaille
Gemini
/ˈdʒɛmɨnaɪ/
Gem Gemi Geminorum
/ˌdʒɛmɨˈnɒrəm/
ancient (Ptolemy)
Grus
/ˈgrʌs/
Gru Grus Gruis
/ˈgruːɨs/
1603, Uranometria, created by Keyser and de Houtman
Hercules
/ˈhɝkjʊliz/
Her Herc Herculis
/ˈhɝkjʊlɨs/
ancient (Ptolemy)
Horologium
/ˌhɒrəˈloʊdʒiəm/
Hor Horo Horologii
/ˌhɒrəˈloʊdʒiaɪ/
1763, Lacaille
Hydra
/ˈhaɪdrə/
Hya Hyda Hydrae
/ˈhaɪdri/
ancient (Ptolemy)
Hydrus
/ˈhaɪdrəs/
Hyi Hydi Hydri
/ˈhaɪdraɪ/
1603, Uranometria, created by Keyser and de Houtman
Indus
/ˈɪndəs/
Ind Indi Indi
/ˈɪndaɪ/
1603, Uranometria, created by Keyser and de Houtman
Lacerta
/ləˈsɝtə/
Lac Lacr Lacertae
/ləˈsɝti/
1690, Firmamentum Sobiescianum, Hevelius
Leo
/ˈliːoʊ/
Leo Leon Leonis
/liːˈoʊnɨs/
ancient (Ptolemy)
Leo Minor
/ˈliːoʊˈmaɪnɚ/
LMi LMin Leonis Minoris
/liːˈoʊnɨsmɨˈnɒrɨs/
1690, Firmamentum Sobiescianum, Hevelius
Lepus
/ˈliːpəs/
Lep Leps Leporis
/ˈlɛpərɨs/
ancient (Ptolemy)
Libra
/ˈlaɪbrə/
Lib Libr Librae
/ˈlaɪbri/
ancient (Ptolemy)
Lupus
/ˈljuːpəs/
Lup Lupi Lupi
/ˈljuːpaɪ/
ancient (Ptolemy)
Lynx
/ˈlɪŋks/
Lyn Lync Lyncis
/ˈlɪnsɨs/
1690, Firmamentum Sobiescianum, Hevelius
Lyra
/ˈlaɪrə/
Lyr Lyra Lyrae
/ˈlaɪri/
ancient (Ptolemy)
Mensa
/ˈmɛnsə/
Men Mens Mensae
/ˈmɛnsi/
1763, Lacaille
Microscopium
/ˌmaɪkrəˈskoʊpiəm/
Mic Micr Microscopii
/ˌmaɪkrəˈskoʊpiaɪ/
1763, Lacaille
Monoceros
/məˈnɒsərɒs/
Mon Mono Monocerotis
/məˌnɒsəˈroʊtɨs/
1624, Bartsch
Musca
/ˈmʌskə/
Mus Musc Muscae
/ˈmʌsi/
1603, Uranometria, created by Keyser and de Houtman
Norma
/nɔrˈmə/
Nor Norm Normae
/nɔrˈmi/
1763, Lacaille
Octans
/ˈɒktænz/
Oct Octn Octantis
/ɒkˈtæntɨs/
1763, Lacaille
Ophiuchus
/ˌoʊfiːˈuːkəs/
Oph Ophi Ophiuchi
/ˌoʊfiːˈuːkaɪ/
ancient (Ptolemy)
Orion
/ɒˈraɪən/
Ori Orio Orionis
/ˌɔəriˈoʊnɨs/
ancient (Ptolemy)
Pavo
/ˈpeɪvoʊ/
Pav Pavo Pavonis
/pəˈvoʊnɨs/
1603, Uranometria, created by Keyser and de Houtman
Pegasus
/ˈpɛgəsəs/
Peg Pegs Pegasi
/ˈpɛgəsaɪ/
ancient (Ptolemy)
Perseus
/ˈpɝsius, ˈpɝsiəs/
Per Pers Perseɪ
/ˈpɝsiaɪ/
ancient (Ptolemy)
Phoenix
/ˈfiːnɨks/
Phe Phoe Phoenicis
/fɨˈnaɪsɨs/
1603, Uranometria, created by Keyser and de Houtman
Pictor
/ˈpɪktɚ/
Pic Pict Pictoris
/pɪkˈtɔərɨs/
1763, Lacaille
Pisces
/ˈpaɪsiz/
Psc Pisc Piscium
/ˈpɪʃiəm/
ancient (Ptolemy)
Piscis Austrinus
/ˈpaɪsɨsʔɔːˈstraɪnəs/
PsA PscA Piscis Austrini
/ˈpaɪsɨsʔːɔˈstraɪnaɪ/
ancient (Ptolemy)
Puppis
/ˈpʌpɨs/
Pup Pupp Puppis
/ˈpʌpɨs/
1763, Lacaille, split from Argo Navis
Pyxis
/ˈpɪksɨs/
Pyx Pyxi Pyxidis
/ˈpɪksədɨs/
1763, Lacaille
Reticulum
/rɨˈtɪkjʊləm/
Ret Reti Reticuli
/rɨˈtɪkjʊlaɪ/
1763, Lacaille
Sagitta
/səˈdʒɪtə/
Sge Sgte Sagittae
/səˈdʒɪti/
ancient (Ptolemy)
Sagittarius
/ˌsædʒɨˈtɛəriəs/
Sgr Sgtr Sagittarii
/ˌsædʒəˈtɛəriaɪ/
ancient (Ptolemy)
Scorpius
/ˈskɔrpiəs/
Sco Scor Scorpii
/ˈskɔrpiaɪ/
ancient (Ptolemy)
Sculptor
/ˈskʌlptɚ/
Scl Scul Sculptoris
/skəlpˈtɒrɨs/
1763, Lacaille
Scutum
/ˈskjutəm/
Sct Scut Scuti
/ˈskjutaɪ/
1690, Firmamentum Sobiescianum, Hevelius
Serpens[6]
/ˈsɝpɛnz/
Ser Serp Serpentis
/sɚˈpɛntɨs/
ancient (Ptolemy)
Sextans
/ˈsɛkstænz/
Sex Sext Sextantis
/sɛkˈstæntɨs/
1690, Firmamentum Sobiescianum, Hevelius
Taurus
/ˈtɔːrəs/
Tau Taur Tauri
/ˈtɔːraɪ/
ancient (Ptolemy)
Telescopium
/ˌtɛlɨˈskoʊpiəm/
Tel Tele Telescopii
/ˌtɛlɨˈskoʊpiaɪ/
1763, Lacaille
Triangulum
/traɪˈæŋgjʊləm/
Tri Tria Trianguli
/traɪˈæŋgjʊlaɪ/
ancient (Ptolemy)
Triangulum Australe
/traɪˈæŋgjʊləmʔɔˈstreɪli/
TrA TrAu Trianguli Australis
/traɪˈæŋgjʊlaɪʔɔˈstreɪlɨs/
1603 Uranometria, created by Keyser and de Houtman
Tucana
/tjʊˈkeɪnə/
Tuc Tucn Tucanae
/tjʊˈkeɪni/
1603 Uranometria, created by Keyser and de Houtman
Ursa Major
/ˌɝsəˈmeɪdʒɚ/
UMa UMaj Ursae Majoris
/ˌɝsiməˈdʒɒrɨs/
ancient (Ptolemy)
Ursa Minor
/ˌɝsəˈmaɪnɚ/
UMi UMin Ursae Minoris
/ˌɝsimɨˈnɒrɨs/
ancient (Ptolemy)
Vela
/ˈviːlə/
Vel Velr Velorum
/vɨˈlɔərəm/
1763, Lacaille, split from Argo Navis
Virgo
/ˈvɝgoʊ/
Vir Virg Virginis
/ˈvɝdʒənɨs/
ancient (Ptolemy)
Volans
/ˈvoʊlænz/
Vol Voln Volantis
/vɒˈlæntɨs/
1603, Uranometria, created by Keyser and de Houtman
Vulpecula
/vəlˈpɛkjʊlə/
Vul Vulp Vulpeculae
/vəlˈpɛkjʊli/
1690, Firmamentum Sobiescianum, Hevelius
Notes
  1. ^ ‘Quad’ designates the quadrant of the sky where N for North is associated to a positive Declination, and S for South for a negative one. Quadrants refer to 6 hours arcs, so that NQ1 refers to North quadrant constellations having midpoints between 00h R.A. and 06h R.A.
  2. ^ IAU Website: CONSTELLATIONS
  3. ^ NASA Dictionary of terms for Aerospace Use – table V, Constellations
  4. ^ Some soʊrces say that Camelopardalis, Columba, and Monoceros were invented by Petrus Plancius in the early 1600s
  5. ^ Corona Australis is sometimes called “Corona Austrina” (genitive: Coronae Austrinae)
  6. ^ Serpens may be divided into Serpens Cauda and Serpens Caput

[edit] Former constellations

Main article: former constellations

Some constellations are no longer recognized by the International Astronomical Union, but may appear in older star charts and other references. Most notable is Argo Navis, which was one of Ptolemy’s original 48 constellations.

[edit] Asterisms

Main article: Asterism (astronomy)

Various other unofficial patterns have existed alongside the constellations. These are known as “asterisms.” Examples include the Big Dipper and the Northern Cross. Some ancient asterisms, for example Coma Berenices, Serpens, and portions of Argo Navis, are now officially constellations.

[edit] See also

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